Why do horses need a Coggins test?

A Coggins test is a blood test identifying if a horse is a carrier of Equine Infectious Anemia, a viral disease found in horses. A negative Coggins test is required for all travel between states and at most equine facilities. … Equine Infectious Anemia is a potentially fatal disease with no current treatment available.

What happens if a horse tests positive for Coggins?

When a horse receives a positive Coggins Test, it is an industry-wide problem. … Also known as swamp fever, malacial fever, and mountain fever, the death rate of infected equidae (horses, ponies, mules and donkeys, and zebras) ranges from 30-70%.

How often do horses need Coggins?

There is no treatment or vaccine for EIA, so surviving infected animals must be kept at least 200 yards from non-infected animals until they test negative for EIA. The American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) recommends a series of “Core” vaccines that each horse should receive annually.

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What causes Coggins in horses?

Equine infectious anemia (EIA), or swamp fever, is a viral disease that occurs worldwide. The disease is usually spread by horse flies biting an infected horse, then biting a healthy horse.

Can a horse survive Coggins?

Most die within weeks. If a horse has produced a negative Coggins test at some point in his life and has not shown these signs since, it’s extremely unlikely that he has contracted the disease. … If they all had negative tests and have not shown any signs since then, their risk to your horse is negligible.

What is the most common disease in horses?

  • Common Equine Diseases. …
  • Equine Influenza (“Flu”) …
  • Rhinopneumonitis/Equine Herpesvirus (EHV) …
  • Equine Encephalomyelitis (“Sleeping Sickness”) …
  • Equine Infectious Anemia Virus (EIA) …
  • West Nile Virus. …
  • Streptococcus equi (“Strangles”) …
  • Tetanus (“Lockjaw”)

How do I know if my horse has Coggins?

To perform a Coggins test, a licensed veterinarian must draw blood from your horse and send it to an accredited lab for analysis. The lab will conduct a test to detect the EIA antibody (a protein that allows the body to recognize the EIA virus; this will only be present if the horse has had the EIA virus).

How do you know if a horse needs its teeth floated?

Signs Your Horse May Need Its Teeth Floated

  • Throwing of head.
  • Acting up under saddle.
  • Unusual head movements.
  • Tilting of head while eating or riding.
  • Bit discomfort.
  • Unable to stay in frame when riding.
  • Dropping or losing grain.
  • Undigested food in manure.

Is Coggins contagious?

This disease is not contagious in that horses cannot spread the disease directly from an infected horse to a healthy horse. Equine infectious anemia also may be referred to as swamp fever or horse malaria.

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How long is a Coggins test on a horse good for?

Horses that are transported need to have Coggins papers to know they are negative for the disease to protect them and other horses. The Coggins test is good for one year and must be done by a USDA certified veterinarian.

What do you do if a horse has Coggins?

There is no effective treatment for Equine Infectious Anemia. There is no vaccine to prevent it and there is no cure. However, good management can reduce the potential of infection.

How do you prevent Coggins in horses?

Sterilize dental tools and other instruments before using them on another horse. Test all horses for EIA at least annually. Test horses at the time of purchase examination. Stable owners, horse show and event managers should require and verify current negative Coggins certificates for all horses entering the premises.

Can you transport a horse without a Coggins?

All states require a negative Coggins test before a horse may be transported across state lines. Many competitions and sales require a negative Coggins test for all horses entered.

How old does a horse have to be to get a Coggins?

There is no age limit as to how old a horse must be to be tested, although most foals aren’t tested until six months of age. This is because at this age, most maternal antibodies have worn off and won’t interfere with testing the foal’s own blood.

What type of knot should you use when tying a horse to a rail or stocks?

MANGER TIE – This quick-release knot is frequently used when tying a horse to a post or a fence rail. Also called a reefers knot or a bowknot, it is a good non-slip knot (like a square knot) but has the advantage of being more easily untied when it has been pulled tight—such as when a horse has pulled back on the rope.

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Is Elisa the same as Coggins?


Leroy Coggins. A negative Coggins test means there are no detectable antibodies at the time of testing. A positive test indicates the horse is infected and a carrier of the virus. C-ELISA tests offer the advantage of rapid results.

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