B vitamins are complex and essential to a horse’s health. Bacteria in the hindgut produce some B vitamins, while others are gained from the horse’s diet. Many horses get all the vitamin B they need naturally, but those that are easily stressed or frequent competitors can benefit from equine supplements.
What does vitamin B do for horses?
As key nutrients regulating energy release, B vitamins can impact a horse’s energy levels and performance. They have also been shown to impact appetite and nervous behaviour, qualities which are important to high performance equine athletes.
Can horses have too much vitamin B?
Vitamin B-12 is a water-soluble vitamin. Water-soluble vitamins aren’t stored in the body, so it’s hard to overdose if supplementing them, because they’re rapidly excreted in urine.
How much B12 do horses need?
Most research on the vitamin B12 requirement arrive at a value of 10 mg/kg feed dry matter for maintenance. This should be regarded as the requirement for average horses and, as with other B vitamins, should be increased for hyperactive and performance horses.
Can horses have B12?
Benefits of Equine Vitamin B12 Supplements
By reinforcing the chemical processes that fats, carbohydrates and proteins undergo, Vitamin B12 supplements offer a simple way to maintain your horse’s normal energy levels and strength. They may also help maintain the horse’s state of calm.
Does vitamin B calm horses?
Vitamins B1, B2 and B6, also known as thiamin, riboflavin and pyridoxine, help with metabolism and promote healthy, calm attitudes.
Does B12 calm horses?
Feeding higher levels of thiamine has historically been a remedy for calming the nervous horse. … Anecdotal evidence suggests that horses do respond favorably to supplementation. Horses can store some B12, unlike any other B vitamin.
What does vitamin E do for a horse?
Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that acts as an important antioxidant for horses. It helps maintain a healthy immune system and supports normal nerve and muscle function. Horses need vitamin E in their diet because they cannot synthesize it endogenously in their body.
What does vitamin C do for horses?
As a water-soluble antioxidant, Vitamin C can help keep the horse healthy in times of stress. As an antioxidant the vitamin works to fight against free radicals by neutralising them and therefore rendering them non-harmful.
Why is salt important for horses?
Horses have an innate appetite for salt. When available, most horses will consume enough salt to meet their needs. sodium and chloride. Sodium is important for muscle contraction, conduction of nerve impulses, and digestion of protein.
Is B12 a vitamin?
Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, is an important water-soluble vitamin ( 1 ). It plays an essential role in the production of your red blood cells and DNA, as well as the proper functioning of your nervous system. Vitamin B12 is naturally found in animal foods, including meats, fish, poultry, eggs and dairy.
What is B12 injection?
Vitamin B-12 shots are injections containing high levels of cyanocobalamin. These shots, which can be self-administered or given by a doctor, can quickly boost B-12 levels in someone who is deficient. Cyanocobalamin is available in liquid, tablet, or capsule form.
Do horses need magnesium?
Magnesium (Mg) is an essential mineral that horses require for proper nerve and muscle function. Magnesium functions as an electrolyte, plays a role in protein synthesis and is involved in over 300 metabolic processes in the horse’s body. It is especially important for growing and heavily exercised horses.
What do minerals help horses with?
Table 1. Macrominerals
|Potassium||Component of acid-base balance; promotes nerve and muscle function|
|Calcium||Major component of bone and teeth; facilitates muscle function; plays a role in blood pressure and clotting; supports immune system|
|Phosphorus||Component of bone and teeth and of acid-base balance|
What does Niacin do for horses?
Niacin, also known as Vitamin B3 or nicotinic acid, is a water-soluble vitamin that is involved in a wide range of activities within the horse’s body. Niacin is most well known for it’s ability to increase blood flow and improve circulation.
Is cyanocobalamin vitamin B12?
Cyanocobalamin is a manufactured version of vitamin B12. It’s used to treat and prevent vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia (when you have low levels of this vitamin in your body). Your body requires vitamin B12 to make red blood cells.