You can feed oat hay, but feed it to mature horses and make sure nitrate levels are at acceptable levels. Oat hay is not a commonly fed hay but can be an effective hay for older horses. … The energy and protein content of good oat hay makes it a suitable forage for mature horses at maintenance and early gestating mares.
Why are oats bad for horses?
Oats are high in phosphorus and low in calcium (they are around 0.3% phosphorus and only 0.07% calcium), which can be a major issue if the diet doesn’t provide sufficient calcium and/or if the horse is grazing on high oxalate pasture (eg Kikuyu, Setaria or Buffel) which causes calcium deficiency.
What type of hay is best for horses?
Alfalfa hay, sometimes called lucerne hay, is the most popular legume hay fed to horses in the U.S., while timothy and orchard are popular grass hay choices.
Does oaten hay put weight on horses?
Rye grass hay does work well for some horses. It is usually 8- 9% protein as fed and for horses that don’t tend to put on weight and have moderate to heavy workloads, it may serve as a supplement to regular feed. Straw from more mature cereal grains can be fed to horses almost exclusively as a fiber source.
Can horses have oat straw?
What type of straw is best? Oat straw is what we use at Dengie. It is usually favoured over feeding wheat straw to horses as wheat straw tends to be less digestible but in moderation, eating any type of straw doesn’t usually present a problem as demonstrated by horses eating their straw bedding.
Can oats cause colic in horses?
Straight grains, like corn, barley, sweet feed or oats, can contribute to the onset of colic in horses. Bagged feeds, which have higher-fiber ingredients, are processed so they are gentler on equine digestive tracts.
Which is better for horses whole oats or rolled oats?
Types of Oats
Crimped oats are made by taking whole oats and partially flattening them, damaging the husk and making them slightly easier for horses to consume. Rolled oats have been completely flattened and are considered easier for horses to eat.
What hay is bad for horses?
Some hay types are particularly prone to high nitrate levels and should be avoided if there are options. These include: Sorghum, Sudan, Johnsongrass and Pearl Millet. High levels of simple carbohydrate (sugars, starch) are an issue for horses with insulin resistance and can occur in virtually any type of hay.
Is first or second cut hay better for horses?
Timothy hay is one of the most popular hays fed to horses. … Timothy must be harvested in the pre- or early-bloom stage to ensure a high nutrient content. The first cutting usually has a higher weed content, and quality decreases after the second cutting, so the second cutting is usually the best to feed.
How many bales of hay does a horse need?
A horse can eat anywhere from 15-25 pounds of hay a day, which generally equates to a half of a 45/50-pound square bale of hay per day (~15-30 bales per month). Always remember to take into consideration the quality of your hay. If the nutrient quality is poor, then the horse will require more hay (by weight).
How do you feed oat hay to horses?
Oat hay is best consumed with a mixture of grass or alfalfa. I’ve heard of people using a 50/50 oat hay/grass mixture or 4 parts oats to 1 part alfalfa. I recommend starting with a small amount of oats first to see how your horse reacts to it, then gradually increase the amount over time.
What is the most fattening horse feed?
High fat feeds or oils—high fat feeds and oils are the highest energy feedstuffs you can give a horse. Fats and oils hold two major advantages over high energy fibrous feeds and cereal grains. The first is they are energy dense – for example 1 cup of vegetable oil contains as many calories as 1.2 kg of oaten chaff.
How can I fatten up my horse fast?
One of the simplest and cheapest ways to add fat to your horse’s diet is vegetable oil from the grocery store, which can be poured over his regular concentrate ration. Corn oil is palatable to most horses, but you can also use canola, peanut or any other vegetable oil your horse likes.
Will eating straw hurt my horse?
If horses eat a large volume of straw, this lignin fiber accumulates in the digestive system and it can plug (impact) the digestive system. This results in severe colic and even death if not properly treated. Horses that are well- fed normally do not eat large volumes of straw bedding.
Can oat straw cause colic?
The quality of fibre fed can also influence colic potential. … Wheat or oat straw, a highly non-digestible fibre source, has been implicated as causing impaction colic in horses.
Do horses eat straw or hay?
Horses will nibble at straw, but it won’t hurt them to eat it. Unlike hay, it provides no nutrients, but the fibrous material can keep the gut moving. Your best choice is probably wheat straw, if available, because horses usually won’t eat it.