How is equine influenza treated? Horses that do not develop complications are treated with rest and supportive care. Animals that are confirmed EIV positive should be on stall rest and taken out of training for a minimum of one week for every day of fever.
How do you treat equine influenza?
Horses should be rested 1 wk for every day of fever, with a minimum of 3 wk rest (to allow regeneration of the mucociliary apparatus). NSAIDs are recommended for horses with a fever >104°F (40°C). Antibiotics are indicated when fever persists beyond 3–4 days or when purulent nasal discharge or pneumonia is present.
How long does it take for a horse to recover from influenza?
Are there any long term consequences of equine influenza? Most horses recover within two weeks however in some horses a post-viral cough can persist for a much longer time and in some individuals it can take up to six months to regain full health.
What are the signs and symptoms of equine influenza?
- A very high temperature of 39-41C (103-106F) which lasts for one to three days.
- A frequent harsh, dry cough that can last for several weeks.
- A clear, watery nasal discharge that may become thick and yellow or green.
- Enlarged glands under the lower jaw.
- Clear discharge from the eyes and redness around eyes.
What is equine influenza?
Equine Influenza, also referred to as equine flu, is a highly contagious viral respiratory disease. When an infected horse coughs or sneezes droplets are released into the air which can spread the virus via an airborne route.
How long is horse flu contagious?
Horses with the disease remain infectious for up to seven to 10 days. The dry, harsh-sounding cough may linger for several weeks.
How often should a horse be vaccinated for equine influenza?
Vaccination is often given as a combination vaccine with equine influenza. A primary course of two vaccinations is given 4-6 weeks apart, followed by a booster in 12 months. Subsequent vaccinations are usually given every 2 years.
Is equine influenza a notifiable disease?
While Equine influenza is not a notifiable disease in the UK and therefore not controlled by Government, we will be in touch with Defra to advise them of the situation and the actions being taken.
What is the most common disease in horses?
- Common Equine Diseases. …
- Equine Influenza (“Flu”) …
- Rhinopneumonitis/Equine Herpesvirus (EHV) …
- Equine Encephalomyelitis (“Sleeping Sickness”) …
- Equine Infectious Anemia Virus (EIA) …
- West Nile Virus. …
- Streptococcus equi (“Strangles”) …
- Tetanus (“Lockjaw”)
Is Horse flu contagious to humans?
The evidence suggests past equine-to-human interspecies transmission. Studies of humans exposed to horses during the 2007 EIV outbreak in Australia found only 10% of people had serologic reaction against EIV, all at a low level, suggesting cross-reactivity with human influenza strains (38).
How do they test for equine flu?
Definitive diagnosis can be determined by virus isolation, influenza A antigen detection (patient-side kit), or paired serum samples (hemagglutination inhibition). Nasopharyngeal swabs are obtained for virus isolation and antigen detection. These samples should be obtained soon after the onset of illness.
What are the symptoms of tetanus in horses?
Signs of equine tetanus include:
- Muscle stiffness resulting in a ‘rocking horse’ stance and ‘lock-jaw’
- Difficulty moving and eating.
- Protrusion of the third eyelid.
- Horses with a tetanus infection become seriously ill very quickly and in many cases the disease is fatal despite all attempts at treatment.
What are the first signs of strangles in horses?
What are the signs of Strangles?
- Loss of appetite/ Difficulty eating.
- Raised temperature.
- Nasal discharge, often thick and yellow (purulent or pus like).
- Swollen lymph nodes (glands) around the throat.
- Drainage of pus from the lymph nodes around the jaw.
How effective is the equine influenza vaccine?
What benefit has ProteqFlu-Te shown during the studies? The studies showed that ProteqFlu-Te was effective in reducing clinical signs and virus excretion after infection with equine influenza, and against tetanus to prevent mortality from 14 days after primary vaccination.
What animals are affected by equine influenza?
Equine influenza (EI) is a highly contagious though rarely fatal respiratory disease of horses, donkeys, mules and other equidae.
Is there a vaccine for equine influenza?
There are two types of equine influenza virus vaccine currently marketed: Inactivated (killed) vaccines for intramuscular administration. Modified-live vaccine for intranasal administration.