Currently, there is no cure for DSLD. Most treatments focus on making the horse more comfortable. Common treatments include stall rest, controlled exercise, pain relief with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as phenylbutazone, flunixin meglumine (Banamine), supportive boots or wraps, and corrective shoeing.
Can horses with DSLD be ridden?
Riding is not advised for horses with DSLD, due to lameness, instability, and risk of further suspensory breakdown.
How long do horses with DSLD live?
DSLD usually appears later in the horse’s adult life (greater than 15 years old). However, DSLD has been diagnosed in foals and horses younger than 15 years old.
What does it mean when a horse has DSLD?
Degenerative suspensory ligament desmitis, commonly called DSLD, also known as equine systemic proteoglycan accumulation (ESPA), is a systemic disease of the connective tissue of the horse and other equines. It is a disorder akin to Ehlers–Danlos syndrome being researched in multiple horse breeds.
What causes DSLD?
What Causes DSLD? A horse with DSLD develops an abnormal response to normal stresses placed on the suspensory ligament. Ligaments are fibrous flat structures that join two bones together. Under normal stresses the collagen fibers in the ligament can tolerate tiny tears and strains.
Is DSLD painful in horses?
DSLD horses will be severely lame on affected limbs after a fetlock flexion test and will be noticeably painful on palpation of the suspensory ligament and its branches. The suspensory will also feel harder and thicker than normal, and the area may be hot or swollen.
Can you ride a horse with dropped pasterns?
Unless the fetlock is actually hitting the ground during a stride, it’s usually safe to ride most of them.
How do you tell if your horse has a suspensory injury?
With a torn suspensory branch, you may see swelling at and above the fetlock on the injured side and the area may be warm to the touch and sensitive to pressure. When the outside branch is torn, lameness may be more obvious when the horse travels with the injured leg on the outside of a circle.
Are long pasterns on a horse bad?
Medical problems that are more common in horses with long, sloping pasterns include: Bowed tendon. Sesamoiditis. A fracture of the sesamoid bones found at the back of the fetlock, should the joint hyperextend to the point where it touches the ground.
What does Desmitis mean?
[dez-mi´tis] inflammation of a ligament.
Can a horse recover from a suspensory ligament injury?
This is a very common procedure and has a high success rate. Suspensory ligament body and branch injuries: Minor damage to suspensory body and branches will usually repair given sufficient time. This usually means box rest initially with rehabilitation such as cold hosing to reduce inflammation.
What causes dropped pasterns in horses?
The most commonly implicated tendon associated with subtle dropping of the fetlock is the suspensory ligament. Cutting of the flexor tendons and suspensory ligament causes collapse of the fetlock to the ground. … Older horses commonly have sagging fetlocks, especially older brood mares that have had numerous foals.
What is suspensory Desmitis in horses?
Equine suspensory desmitis is a common cause of lameness in the athletic equine, regardless of discipline. … The lameness is best described as an advancing leg lameness, meaning the maximal head excursion is during the swing phase of the stride. The problem can affect one or both legs.
Is DSLD hereditary?
Researchers believe DSLD to be hereditary, although they have not determined the exact lineage.
Are dropped fetlocks painful?
It is important to be aware of this condition—especially if you observe excessive drop of your horse’s hind fetlocks. It is a terribly painful, progressive disease that often goes unrecognized by well-meaning owners who attribute its appearance simply to conformation.
Can ligaments deteriorate?
Over time, the injured ligament weakens, like a stretched rubber band that has lost its elasticity. Since ligaments function as joint stabilizers, the injured ligament is no longer capable of doing its job.